We live in the era of information. Your laptops, smartphones, tablets etc. are connected to the outside world in the form of large network called the internet. The internet is a WAN (Wide Area Network) and is a global framework of interconnected laptops, computers, smartphones and other digital devices. They exchange information with each other – which is also called internet traffic. WAN connects the local networks, such as at offices, homes to the ISP (Internet Service Provider) which provides accessibility to the outside geographical reach.
Home networks can come in the category of LAN (Local Area Network). So the devices that require to be connected with the internet are connected to a central device known as a Gateway, which is configured within the router. The function of a router is that it channels the internet traffic from “outside” to “inside”. 192.168.1.1 is usually the default admin page for most routers.
The “outside” is the Internet connection, which is connected to a port on the device.
The “inside” is your LAN at home. The router device has many ports from where different devices such as computers, printers and other devices can be connected through a physical cable called a LAN cable.
LAN can also be wireless, ie the devices need not be connected through physical LAN cables but wirelessly using Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity). Such local networks are usually referred to as WLAN or wireless LAN. The communication over WLAN happens through a communication standard termed as IEEE 802.11.
Importance of 192.168.1.1 IP
Private IP addresses, which are used inside a local network, differ from the public IP addresses. Private IP addresses do not require authentication from your ISP. So, there are 5 classes or subnets of IPv4 addresses that can be used to identify each one of the devices connected with each other on the local network. These IPv4 addresses form 5 distinct subnets-
- Class A – 0.0.1 to 220.127.116.11 – Consisting of 16 million (224-2) host addresses.
- Class B – 1.0.1 to 18.104.22.168 – Consisting of 65,000 (216-2) host addresses.
- Class C – 0.1.1 to 22.214.171.124 – Supports 254 (28-2) host addresses.
- Class D – 0.0.0 to 126.96.36.199 – Reserved for Multicasting.
- Class E – 0.0.0 to 254.255.255.254 – Reserved for experimental studies or research.
The IPv4 address 192.168.1.1, which is used for accessing and configuring your router, is conventionally taken from Class C of IPv4 Address group.
Also Read: 10.0.0.1 IP Address Router Login
These allow users at home, offices, restaurants, etc to connect all digital devices with each other using NAT (Network Address Translation). NAT helps assigning a public address to device inside a private local network.
192.168.0.1 Admin Login into D Link Router
Your router can be accessed through the following steps –
- Ensure that your laptop is connected to the router using an Ethernet cable or via Wi-fi connection.
- Identify the IP address of the router. Most routers have a default address for router login page, which is 168.1.1.
- Open a web browser such as Google Chrome or Mozilla Firefox. Type in – http://192.168.1.1 – in the address bar to connect to a router that has 192.168.1.1 as its IP address.
- Enter the administrative login information to authenticate and access the admin settings.
Fig. 1 – A typical router user login page
Routers are shipped with default usernames and passwords. This is usually the word admin but might be different for your router (some might not even have a password or might not use a username).
Problems while accessing your router 192.168.1.1
- Restart the router.
- Open a web browser like Google Chrome, or Mozilla Firefox, and type in the routers IP address.
- Restore router to factory settings, which restores the router to original settings.
- Try disabling the firewall.
- Clear cache and cookies of your web browser.
- Use the IPCONFIG command on the command prompt while your laptop is connected to the router.
- Click the Start menu.
- Type CMD.
- Select CMD to launch the Command Prompt.
- At the C:\> prompt, type ipconfig and press Enter.
- Look for IP address in front of Default Gateway.
- This address is your routers IP address.
- Open a browser and type that IP address to log into the router.
Reasons to change your router’s settings
There are various important settings that you might want to change in your network. It would depend on the purpose of establishing your local network. Most common reasons include –
- To Change the name (SSID) of your Wi-fi.
- To Change the password of your Wi-fi.
- To change the DNS (Domain Name Servers) to resolve network addresses.
- To regulate traffic on specific network ports
- Changing the admin username and password used to access your router.
- Changing your router’s firewall policies to regulate internet traffic.
- Enabling/Disabling parental controls to regulate content viewing.
- Enabling/Disabling remote administration configurable for your router.
How to Configuring router settings in 192.168.0.1
There are various settings available which are configurable in your router.
|Access Control||This setting is for controlling access to your network. It can be used to approve regulate viewing of websites, limit web access, or block certain websites or access to the outside network.|
|Application Rules||They are used wrt single or multiple ports on your router to regulate internet traffic.|
|DHCP Server Set tings||DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is used to configure the router’s built-in DHCP Server to assign local IP addresses to the laptops and other digital devices on your local network.|
|DNS (Domain Name System)||This is used to resolve network addresses|
|DDNS (Dynamic DNS)||This is used to host a server, such as a Web server, FTP server or game server) using a domain name that you have purchased.|
|Firewall Settings||This is used to regulate permissions & access wrt your local network.|
|Firmware Version||This shows the router manufacturing version. Router settings updates can be downloaded from here.|
|Gateway||This shows IP address of the ISP server.|
|Internet IP||This is the public IP address of the router. This can also be obtained from your the ISP.|
|MAC Address||An ID assigned by the manufacturer of the various devices connected with each other on the local area network.|
|MAC Address Filter||MAC (Media Access Controller) filter is used to regulate the access of different devices connected on the local area network. This is done by sorting or filtering the MAC Address of the different devices connected on the local area network. The MAC address filter is used to regulate internet access.|
|Max Idle Time||This can be set to abort the Internet connection if it is inactive for some time.|
|MTU (Maximum Transmission Unit)||This is used to specify the largest packet size that can be integrated in Internet traffic.|
|Pre-Shared Key||It is a sort of a password or a phrase between 8 to 63 alphanumeric characters.|
|Subnet Mask||This is used to configure public IP addresses.|
|System Logs||These are logs for all the events that happen while the router is switched on.|
|Website Filter||This is used to regulate websites that can be accessed by the various users on the local area network.|
|WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)||WEP is a wireless encryption method. WEP is less secure than WPA encryption.|
|WPA/WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access)||WPA is a better security standard than WEP. WPA uses TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) while WPA2 can use either TKIP or the more advanced AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) algorithm.|
|WPA Mode||This option is used when older versions of digital devices that still use WPS are connected to the local area network.|
A final word
If you recollect a scene from the movie The Matrix Reloaded, Morpheus & Neo’s ship requests permission to be granted. The permission is for them to enter their home city of Zion. Thereafter, operators plugged into the Zion Control Hub grant the ship permission to enter, thereby opening the gates of the city of Zion. That Control Hub can be considered the admin index page of the metaphorical router in the movie. IP addresses like 192.168.1.1 give users complete control over their user defined local networks, helps policing any threats to the LAN and keeping the network safe & secure.